Over 1 million Canadians live with the effects of an acquired brain injury.

Symptoms of ABI

Cognitive deficits Confusion; Shortened attention span; Memory problems; Amnesia; Problem solving deficits; Problems with judgment; Inability to understand abstract concepts; Loss of sense of time and space; Decreased awareness of self and others
Motor deficits Paralysis or weakness; Spasticity; Poor balance; Decreased endurance; Inability to plan motor movements; Delays in initiation; Tremors; Swallowing problems; Poor coordination
Perceptual or sensory deficits Changes in hearing, vision, taste, smell, and touch; Loss of sensation or heightened sensation of body parts; Neglect of one side of the body; Difficulty understanding where limbs are in relation to the body; Vision problems, including double vision, lack of visual acuity, or limited range of vision
Communication and language deficits Difficulty speaking and understanding speech (aphasia); Difficulty choosing the right words to say (apraxia); Slow, hesitant speech and decreased vocabulary; Difficulty forming sentences that make sense; Problems identifying objects and their function; Problems with reading, writing, and ability to work with numbers
Functional deficits Impaired ability with activities of daily living (ADLs) such as dressing, bathing, and eating; Problems with organization, shopping, or paying bills; Problems with vocational issues; Inability to drive a car or operate machinery
Social difficulties Impaired social capacity resulting in self-centered behaviour; Difficulties in making and keeping friends; Difficulties understanding and responding to the nuances of social interaction
Regulatory disturbances Fatigue; Changes in sleep patterns and eating habits; Dizziness; Headache; Loss of bowel and bladder control
Personality changes Apathy; Decreased motivation; Emotional lability; Irritability; Anxiety and depression; Disinhibition, including temper flare-ups, aggression, cursing, lowered frustration tolerance, and inappropriate sexual behaviour